# Self-Hosted Alternatives

There will be some common choices in some common categories here for some self-hosted alternatives. A more comprehensive list of alternatives will be listed at the bottom of this page.

# Web Servers

Daemons that serve website content.

  • Apache | The most popular webserver since forever. Higher overhead than others, but most PHP applications assume it.
  • nginx | Second most popular webserver today, created to run some of the biggest Russian websites.
  • Lighttpd | A more niche webserver focusing on low overhead and high performance.
  • Caddy | A fast, multi-platform web server with automatic HTTPS.

# Databases

Daemons or services that store data in a structured format.

  • PostgreSQL | A popular database solution that emphasizes extensibility and standards compliance.
  • Maria DB | Based on MySQL, forked to maintain an open source alternative that is mostly compatible with MySQL-based applications.
  • MongoDB | A document-based NoSQL database that uses JSON-like formatting to store information.
  • SQLite | Flat file database that doesn't require a running DB server.

# Content Management Systems

Frontends for managing the content on your website.

  • WordPress | The most popular CMS by market share, uses the blog format.
  • Joomla! | Another popular CMS written in PHP.
  • WonderCMS | Claims to be the smallest CMS around. Is definitely small.

# E-Commerce

Software for operating and managing an e-shop.

# File Synchronization

Services that synchronize files across systems.

# Media Streaming

Daemons for streaming digital media.

  • Jellyfin | Media streaming server capable of handling audio, video, comics, books, and photos.
  • Icecast | Operate your own Internet radio station!
  • Navidrome | Music streaming software with a web UI and compatible with Subsonic/Airsonic clients.

# Photo Galleries

Software for operating a photo gallery.

# Wiki Software

You own personal knowledge base!

  • DokuWiki | A simple wiki that stores content in text files instead of a database.
  • MediaWiki | The software that powers Wikipedia.
  • Cowyo | A minimal wiki/note-taking package.

The following are considered the "master lists" of self-hosted alternatives.

  • Awesome Self-Hosted | A list of Free Software network services and web applications which can be hosted on your own servers
  • Awesome SysAdmin | A curated list of amazingly awesome open-source sysadmin resources